Hot Science Experiments How-Tos

How To: Follow three rules to balance chemical equations

In this video, we learn how to follow three rules to balance chemical equations. The first rule is that you need to start by balancing elements that appear in only one reactant and one product. The second rule is that you need to multiply through by common factors. You must retain equal numbers of atoms of each element on both sides of the equation. The third rule is: if an atom appear in elemental form on one side of the equation, save it for last. Going over the rules of how the balance the...

How To: Light an energy saving bulb without plugging it

This video shows the viewer how to light an energy saving light bulb without plugging it in. The process is also explained in detail during the video. To light the bulb you need to inflate a standard balloon. Then rub the balloon over either a fabric or your hair. Then move the balloon back and forth near the light bulb. The bulb should glow dimly. This effect occurs because the balloon is negatively charged. This means that it has more electrons than protons. The video then goes on to explai...

How To: Make elemental sulfur (sulphur)

This video tutorial is in the Education category which will show you how to make elemental sulfur (sulphur). The chemicals you need are nitric acid and sodium thiosulphate. The reaction produces toxic SO2 gas so keep it coved with a watch glass. Put 12.9 grams of sodium thiosulphate in a beaker and dissolve it in minimum amount of water. Pour about 15ml of nitric acid in to the beaker. Let it sit in a warm place for a couple of hours and the sulphur will settle at the bottom of the beaker. Th...

How To: Use a Peltier module to create free electricity from heat

A Peltier module allows you to turn heat into electricity. Because you can place it in areas that are normally warm anyway, the electricity created is "free" in a sense, though it does work best when one side of the module is cold and the other is hot. In other words, all you'll need for this project is the Peltier module and a cooler surface such as soil or water, and a warm area such as a well lit window or warm pan.

How To: There's Metal Hiding in Your Pepto-Bismol and Here's How You Extract It

Got an upset stomach or a little heartburn? America's favorite pink pill will cure it right up. But did you know that there's actually metal hiding in those chewable Pepto-Bismol tablets? Yes, metal. Technically, it's a poor metal, but metal's metal, right? Well, we do tend to eat a lot of iron in our diets, because it carries oxygen throughout our bodies, so consuming metallic minerals isn't anything abnormal. But you'd never think that Pepto-Bismol is actually made up of metal.

How To: Make crystal iodine

MAKE brings the do-it-yourself mindset to all the technology in your life. Make Magazine celebrates your right to tweak, hack, and bend any technology to your own will. In this tutorial, Robert Bruce Thompson shows you how to make crystal iodine. As Thompson says in the video, crystal iodine is currently a schedule one compound, and in order to buy you have to fill out a lot of paperwork and you'll end up on a DEA list. This tutorial gets you around that, but proceed carefully.

How To: Explore Density, Viscosity & Miscibility with a Colorful Layered Liquid Science Experiment

Ever wonder why Jupiter has those colored bands across its surface? Jupiter's enormous mass is made from an array of different liquids, and those fluids do not play well together because of their different makeup. All of the hydrogen- and helium-based fluids are thought not to be miscible, which means that they aren't homogeneous in nature, resulting in strikingly beautiful bands across the planet's surface. But what about viscosity and how that correlates to the development of planets? What ...

How To: Make bubbles from a CD

Mr. G teaches us how to make bubbles from a CD in this episode of "Do Try This at Home". You will need: a CD, screwdriver, and lighter or candle. Procedure: Use the screwdriver to scrape the aluminum coating from the CD until you get a clear plastic (polycarbonate). Heat an area underneath the CD slowly until the plastic is melted. Blow on the heated portion of the CD until you get a bubble. You may detach the bubble or leave the it on the CD. Heat and blow other portions of the CD to get new...

How To: Build parachutes with household materials

In this video, we learn how to build parachutes with household materials. You will need: a long string, Mylar, mesh, plastic, scissors, tape, and a weight. To get started, you will first cut your plastic or mesh into a circle or octagon shape. Then, take your string and cut it into several pieces. Then, tape the strings onto your material all around. After this, tie your weight to the strings so it's fully secured. Now, go to somewhere high and throw down your item! The parachute will help ke...

How To: Turn Your Computer into a Pulse Monitor

Have you ever wanted to see your heartbeat, but without the stress of having to be in the hospital? You can with this easy, step-by-step guide to turn your computer in a pulse monitor to check your heart rate from the comfort of your own chair. Check the beating of your heart after a workout to see how fast your blood is pumping or watch it drop after a soothing day at the spa or a nice bubble bath. The easy to follow video tutorial is set to a funky beat that is sure to get your blood (and f...

How To: Extract DNA from wheat germ

This science video tutorial includes step-by-step instructions for extracting DNA from wheat germ, the embryonic plant attached to the wheat seed. Individual wheat seeds, or kernels, separate readily from the plant. This kernels have a tough outer coating called bran. If you want to know more, just watch this science experiment.

How To: Explode soda bottles with dry ice & make a spring

In this video Dave Spencer shows you how to make soda bottles explode using dry ice. You will need dry ice pellets plastic soda pop bottles , and gloves (dry ice can be held in your hands but should be kept moving and not held up too long as it can cause severe frost bite). The presenter asks you to note that this activity is illegal in the state of Utah. Crushed dry ice is inserted into the soda pop bottle. The soda pop bottle is then shaken up vigorously and placed into the ground. You shou...